Acids and bases study guide
What are some properties of acids?

 
 
 
 

What are the Arrhenius & Bronsted-Lowry definitions of acids and bases?   Give examples.  (You need 4 definitions total).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Calculate pH of 0.75 M HCl solution.
 
 
 
 
 

What is the pH of a solution with a pOH of 9.1?
 
 
 
 
 

How many times more acidic would a HCl solution with a pH of 3.0 be than a HCl solution with a pH of 1.5?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

What is a binary acid?  What is polyprotic acid?  How are these concepts related?  How can they be different?  Give an example to illustrate.
 
 
 
 
 

Give an example of a hydrolysis reaction (the equation).  Where does it happen your body and with what types of compounds?
 
 
 
 
 

What was the name of the indicator used in the lab?
 
 
 

What is an amphotric substance?  What is the most common example of one?
 
 
 
 
 

What is a neutralization reaction and what would be the products?
 
 
 

What is the definition of a salt?
 
 
 

How does titration relate to neutralization?
 
 
 

What is the equivalence point?
 
 
 
 

How do you use a burette in a titration lab?
 
 
 

What is titration used for?
 
 
 

Which color does phenylthaline turn to indicate a solution is acidic?  Which color for basic?
 
 
 

Describe (or illustrate) the pattern of electronegativity across the period table.
 
 
 
 

What does electrical conductivity have to do with electronegativity?
 
 
 
 

Write the ionic equation and net ionic equation for the reaction

Standard reaction equation:  NaOH + H2SO4  ->  NaHSO4 + H2O

Ionic equation:
 

Net ionic equation:
 
 

What did Le Chatelier tell us about equilibrium?  Give an example of a system trying to maintain equilibrium.
 
 
 
 

What is the reaction equation for the water ionization constant?
 
 
 
 

What happens when water ionizes with itself?
 
 
 

Give an example of an electrolyte.
 
 
 
 

What do buffers do?
 
 
 
 
 

Draw a graph of a titration using a buffer.  (Label the axes.)
 
 
 
 

Use the Kevin Bacon game to demonstrate dimensional analysis.
 
 
 


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