From Gene to Protein Study Guide
1. Fill in the following table:

Process:  Takes place in: Starts with: Ends with:

Replication:  _____________ ________ ________

Transcription: _____________ ________ ________

Translation:  _____________ ________ ________
 

2. Diagram the process of transcription.  Be sure to include the major molecules including polymerase.  Also, make sure the bases are labeled and correctly paired.
 
 
 
 
 
 

3. Diagram the process of translation.  Be sure to include the major molecules including polymerase.  Also, make sure the bases are labeled and correctly paired.
 
 
 
 
 

4. What are the 3 types of RNA, and what role does each play?
 
 
 
 
 
 

5. What are 3 differences between mRNA and DNA?
 
 
 
 
 
 

6. Complete the following table.  You will eventually decode the strand into a protein (sentence).

DNA code:         A T G C T A G C T A T A T A G C G G

mRNA (codons):

tRNA (anticodons):

Protein:

amino acid (word) bank and corresponding anticodon.

ATG- Start CGC- Stop CTA- My TAG- Fleas GCT- Dog ATA- Has
 

7. What is a codon?  How many codons are there total?  How many amino acids are there total?  How does your system compensate for this disparity?
 
 
 
 
 

8. Relate the following terms in a concept map: polypeptide, gene, protein, amino acid, codon, RNA, DNA.
 
 
 
 


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